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Bacon and Sausages as big a cancer threat as cigarettes: World Health Organization




The World Health Organization is planning to declare that bacon, sausages and other processed meats cause cancer. The announcement is expected to list the fry-up favourites in the same category as arsenic, asbestos and cigarettes. Red meat will also be declared “probably carcinogenic to humans”, and will be ranked as only slightly less dangerous than preserved products, according to a Daily Mail source. Processed meat, which include pastrami, salami, hot dogs and some types of sausages is made by smoking, curing, salting or adding preservatives.

The World Cancer Research Fund said: “There is strong evidence that eating a lot of these foods [red and processed meat] increases your risk of bowel cancer.” Bowel cancer is the second most common cancer in Europe and the third most common worldwide, according to Cancer Research UK. It is also the second most common cause of cancer deaths in the UK, accounting for ten per cent of all deaths from cancer. The NHS website says that evidence shows there is “probably a link between eating red and processed meat and the risk of bowel cancer”.

“People who eat a lot of these meats are at higher risk of bowel cancer than those who eat small amounts,” it adds. According to the Mail, the decision by the WHO was made following a meeting and review of available evidence by scientists from ten nations including the UK. But the decision, expected to be announced on Monday, could have a serious financial impact on farmers and the food industry. Betsy Booren, of the North American Meat Institute, said recently: “If they determine that red and processed meat causes cancer – and I think they will – that moniker will stick. It could take decades and billions of dollars to change that.”

Edited by Maveriq™
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Do you have some cheap meals to recommend?Yung madali mahanap sa market, thank you

it's cheaper to cook your own meals. Try doing "meal prep".

I usually eat chicken breast (lots of it), lean ground turkey.. And if i have extra on my budget, i'd go for tilapia fillets and top sirloin steak. These are my main protein source.

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APS Healthy Tip of the Day

Here’s Why You Shouldn’t Wear Your Underwear In Bed

Wearing underwear to bed is bad for your health, according to a gynaecologist. Dr Alyssa Dweck said wearing pants in bed can increase the risk of infection. She told Shape magazine: “I often tell my patients to sleep without underwear. “If [the groin] is constantly covered – especially by a fabric that’s not moisture-wicking or absorbent – moisture collects. “That’s the perfect breeding ground for bacteria or yeast.” Dr Dweck recommends “going commando” from time to time. She said those who insist on wearing underwear in bed should choose loose-fitting briefs. “If there’s ever a time to break out the granny panties, this would be it,” she said.

But underwear-clad men are also at risk, according to Dr Brian Steixner from the Jersey Urology Group. He said that underwear can cause fertility problems. He said: “Your nether regions need to be just the right temperature in order to optimise sperm production. “More bacteria makes for a higher likelihood that any chafed or irritated skin down there becomes infected.”

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APS Healthy Tips of the Day

The real reason you get dandruff

It’s more than just an embarrassing annoyance – for some people, dandruff, and its associated conditions, can be downright uncomfortable. And from itchy scalp to dryness to flaking – it’s something many of us deal with: about 50 per cent of the global population experiences it in some form.

“What people or how people may articulate that in terms of their experience may be very different. They may or may not say they have flaking, they may or may not say they have dandruff – they may just say they have an itch,” explains Dr. Rolanda J. Wilkerson, Head & Shoulders Principal Scientist. “Whereas in fact only about 10 per cent of the population actually suffers from itch proper.

But what exactly causes it?

According to Wilkerson, there’s two major components at play.

The first is a scalp fungus called malassezia furfur. As gross as it sounds, everyone has it. However, Wilkerson says that at puberty, those who are more genetically susceptible to responding to the presence of that fungus on the scalp will begin to experience those telltale symptoms of dandruff – flaking, itch, dryness and irritation.



You also have to have the presence of sebum, a natural oil that comes from the sebacious glands on our scalp. Wilkerson explains that different people will produce sebum at different rates and during different parts of their lifetime, but everyone has these oils.

“The malassezia feeds off the sebum, and as a result, they produce a toxic byproduct or waste that they put down on the scalp,” she says. “The scalp of the person who is more genetically susceptible to responding to the presence of that byproduct, will then respond and their skin will say ‘Wait a minute, something is there that should not be there, I need to protect myself.’ And so then as a result, those skin cells begin to actually speed up.”

That process is called hyperproliferation, which means more skin cells on the scalp than usual.

“That process happens from about seven to 21 days. The normal rate of cellular turnover is about 28 days,” Wikerson explains. “So as a result of the skin cells building up on the scalp, we then can visibly see that as flaking. That process also introduces irritation, and irritation will result in itch. The body also produces something called histamine, a signal of itch. The product of histamines help the body by saying ‘I need to scratch, there’s something going on,’ and then as a result there’s a repetitive cycle of itching, flaking, dryness, if the person does not use an effective anti-dandruff product.”

So who’s most likely to have dandruff?

First of all, Wilkerson notes that it typically starts during puberty when people begin to produce sebum (similar to getting acne.) Both men and women experience it at the same rate, as well as different populations and ethnicities. She says that it’s more about habits that drive how any given person may articulate their experiences. For example, a person who washes their hair less may say they have dandruff more frequently than someone with a higher wash frequency, who may not be fully realizing the flaking. Same when it comes to time of year – sometimes people will say they have dandruff only in the winter, but it may be because they’re wearing darker clothes, which makes the flaking more visible.

According to new Head & Shoulders research – external factors can also be at play. “Those with a dandruff prone scalp can actually experience oxidative stress, like with UV damage,” Wilkerson says. “The scalp is experiencing oxidative stress from the presence of the fungus. As a result, the dandruff condition can be worsened through external factors, like malassezia, and other sources of stress like the environment, pollution, heat can impact and make that feel worse.

OK, so now you know what causes dandruff – but how do anti-dandruff shampoos combat those annoying symptoms? That’s all thanks to a certain ingredient called zinc pyrithione, which is found in all anti-dandruff shampoos. But turns out, they’re not all created equally. In February, Head & Shoulders published a paper in the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology that proved why the brand has been on top of the dandruff-control game for years.

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APS Healthy Tips of the Day

10 Foods And Drinks That Are Secretly Making Your Teeth Yellow


If you want to keep up with the Kardashians in the smile stakes, you need to keep your pearly whites, well, white. And while the teeth whitening market is groaning with new products and procedures, there’s a much easier way to prevent stains from the get-go. For a start you can avoid these ten foods that turn your teeth from brilliant white to beige. Because beige teeth are so not the smile goals.


Time to ditch your Friday night takeaway? “The spices in curry are often deep red and yellow colours which can stain teeth,” explains Dr Bruno Silva at Brighton Implant Clinic. He suggests brushing your teeth straight afterwards. “You can also reduce the staining of curry by eating fresh fruit like apples, carrots and celery afterwards,” he added.

Coffee and Tea

Whether you’re a latte lover or a tea chugger, overloading on your favorite hot beverage can cause staining. That’s because the pigments in both coffee and tea can stain your teeth yellow. “Regular consumption will make your teeth yellow as the stain causing chemicals within these can cling onto the teeth,” explains Sandeep Senghera, Head of Dentistry, WhatClinic.com. “Long term consumption leads to the teeth becoming permanently yellow.” Yikes!

Tomato Sauce

“Tomato sauces because of their acidity, tend to stick to teeth,” advises Dr Raha Sepehrara, principal dentist at Dental Suite clinics. “Their bright red colour means they contain a high amount of chromogens.” The fix? Eat these foods in moderation and rinse your mouth straight afterwards.



Good for your health, terrible for your teeth, thanks to their coloured pigments that can stick to the enamel on your pegs. “Berries usually have a deep colour and contain lots of tannins,” explains Dr Sepehrara.


“I always think that if something would stain a cream carpet, then it’s likely to stain your teeth too,” says Arvin Mirzadeh of Vitality Dental. And just imagine the damage beetroot could do to a cream carpet?! Sandeep Senghera recommends rinsing the mouth with water straight after eating beets to reduce stain build up.

Red Wine

Yep, yet another fun time fave is a no-go on the whiter teeth list. “Foods containing tannins - substances which derive from plants and make it easier for stains to adhere to tooth surface – can increase staining. Red wine in particular contains a high amount of both tannins and chromogens – substances with strong pigments which adhere to enamel - and is highly acidic,” explains Dr Raha Sepehrara.


Anything containing food colouring

“The basic rule I follow when advising patients on which foods to avoid to minimise teeth staining is this - steer clear of foods which you would not want to spill on your clothing,” says Dentist Tariq Idrees, owner of Carisbrook Dental in Manchester. “If food leaves a stain on a white T-shirt, it will also stain your teeth. So avoid acidic foods, which are rich in colour. These tends to be rich in tannins which leave a layer of stain on your teeth,” he adds. Minimise the damage by cleaning your teeth straight after eating these foods.

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What the colour of your wee says about your health


The colour of your wee can be an indicator of a health problem


When it comes to going for a wee, most of us get the job done, flush, wash our hands  then head off on our merry way.But maybe we should be taking a little more notice of the toilet bowl when we pee, because the colour of your urine can actually be a really good indicator of your health. “The colour of the wee can depend on lots of things, like what you have eaten, medication you might be taking and how dehydrated you are,” explains Dr. Richard Parkinson, Consultant Urologist for BMI at the Park Hospital in Nottingham. “But there are also some illnesses that can make the wee change colour too.” According to Dr Parkinson, the colour of your pee actually gives an idea of hydration levels, with dark yellow colours suggesting you’re not drinking enough water.

“Most people drink about 1.5L fluid per day, but sometimes you need more than this if you are working in a hot environment or exercising a lot,” he says. “If the urine becomes yellow or orange, then you are getting slightly dehydrated and should aim to drink more; ideally, the urine should be a pale yellow or clear colour.” While the optimum urine colour is pale straw, if your pee is a lighter colour than this could indicate that you’re drinking more water than you need to. And while this is generally harmless, it might need to more frequent trips to the loo.

Dr Parkinson says that when we’re dehydrated, urine becomes more concentrated as the body tries to hold onto as much water as it can. “This is not ideal and can make you more prone to urine infections and kidney stones, for example. People who have had a kidney stone in the past need to be particularly careful not to allow themselves to become dehydrated as the risk of further stones is significantly higher if they do.”

But the colour pee that offers the most cause for concern is red. While this could be down to the foods you’ve eaten, beetroot can totally turn your pee red, it could also be an indicator of something more serious. “The main concern is if the urine shows signs of possible blood,” Dr Parkinson explains. “If the urine is red or pink, then this could be blood in the urine. The blood might be coming from the kidneys or bladder.”


Wee should be straw colour or clear, but not dark brown

Common causes of blood in your pee are urinary tract infections (UTIs) and kidney stones, but the main thing is to rule out something more dangerous like cancer. “Cancers of the kidney, bladder or prostate can all cause mild bleeding in the urine. Whenever people have had blood in the urine, we would recommend a scan of the kidneys (eg ultrasound or CT) and a bladder inspection with a flexible telescope (cystoscopy,) which can be done in the clinic fairly simply. Most people have reassuringly normal results, but it is essential to get this checked out.”

And though rare, green pee is also a thing. Again what you have eaten can be to blame, asparagus and food containing artificial colourings can turn your wee bright green, but according to Cosmopolitan in a tiny amount of cases it could be a sign of the rare genetic disease familial hypercalcemia, which causes abnormally high calcium levels in the blood.

Green urine can also occur as a side effect of certain medications.

But while its good to keep track of your wee colour Dr Parkinson is keen to stress that most of the medical conditions that different coloured wee can indicate are extremely rare so people shouldn’t get too concerned.

“Blood is the main thing to look out for, and if you are in any doubt, then get advice from your GP or a urologist,” he says.

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